Virtual Plotters. Drones. Weaponized AI?: Violent Non-State Actors as Deadly Early Adopters

By: Daveed Gartenstein-Ross, Matt Shear & David Jones

Despite the austere environments in which violent non-state actors (VNSAs) often operate, they rely heavily on modern technologies in their operations. As new technologies emerge, or old technologies change and improve, VNSAs may attempt to adopt them to enhance their operations or expand the range of their activities. Adoption of new technologies is driven by VNSAs’ ability to engage in organizational learning. We find that VNSAs’ process of technological adoption typically follows an identifiable pattern.

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