The first framework, entitled “Through the Adversary’s Eyes,” examines Russian information campaigns targeting Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) operations in Eastern Europe and the Baltics, and provides the Canadian Department of National Defence (DND) and CAF with a slate of countermeasures that can be employed to counter these and other malign information operations.
The second framework, entitled “Like a Drop of Cyanide,” provides the CAF with recommendations to address, counter, and prevent instances of servicemembers engaging in hateful conduct (e.g., adhering to racially or ethnically-motivated extremist ideologies). The recommendations offer both institutional changes that can better empower CAF leadership to mitigate and respond to hateful conduct, as well as individual-level adjustments meant to be implemented across the “military life cycle,” or the multiple stages of an individual servicemember’s time in the CAF. MINDS, CAF, and DND personnel, including general officers, have expressed their intention to apply Valens’ frameworks to their operations.
DHS’s 2019 Strategic Framework for Countering Terrorism and Targeted Violence
From August to September 2019, the Valens Global team served as lead drafters for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) groundbreaking Strategic Framework for Countering Terrorism and Targeted Violence.
The Client: In the wake of August 2019 mass shootings in El Paso, Texas and Dayton, Ohio that killed 30 people over a 13-hour span — occurring just one week after another deadly shooting at a food festival in Gilroy, California — the country was reeling. A common thread connecting several recent attacks was that the shooters expressed white supremacist extremist beliefs when explaining their motivations. DHS’s leadership recognized the need for a clearly articulated strategy addressing the evolving domestic threats. Enter Valens.
The Challenge: Though foreign terrorist organizations remain a core priority for the Department’s counterterrorism efforts, the United States now faces a growing threat from domestic terrorism and targeted violence at home. One particularly important driver of the evolving threat is racially and ethnically motivated violence, particularly that associated with white supremacist extremism. By introducing a more comprehensive and current understanding of the threats posed by terrorism and targeted violence, the Department can better position itself to detect, prevent, protect against, and mitigate mass attacks against houses of worship, schools, workplaces, and other public spaces.
The Solution: Daveed Gartenstein-Ross, Valens’s CEO, kicked off this project by meeting with Acting Secretary Kevin McAleenan to obtain the commander’s intent for the new strategic framework. Valens staff then consulted the Department’s 22 offices and components, conducting informational interviews to determine how the various parts of the Department could coordinate efforts and harmonize resources to address the terrorism and targeted violence challenge. The Valens team researched the Department’s past successes and current programs, tools, and efforts; drafted a comprehensive discussion of the evolving nature of the threat; and designed objectives and priority actions that could guide the Department in addressing these challenges.
Described as “novel” by DHS’s Assistant Secretary for Threat Prevention and Security Policy Elizabeth Neumann and Assistant Director for Infrastructure Security Brian Harrell in their written testimony before the U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittee on Intelligence and Counterterrorism, the Strategic Framework introduces four overarching goals:
The Brookings Institution hosted Acting Secretary McAleenan, as well as panelists James Carafano, Seamus Hughes, George Selim, and Chad Wolf on September 20, 2019, to discuss the groundbreaking framework. You can watch a recording of the panel here.
The Results: Since its release in September 2019, the Strategic Framework has received widespread acclaim:
On September 11, 2020, DHS released a Public Action Plan detailing the action items necessary to successfully implement the strategic framework. “Nineteen years ago today, the American people came to understand the threat of terrorism in a new way. With the subsequent establishment of DHS, our nation vowed to prevent, disrupt, and deter terrorism of all sorts,” wrote Acting Secretary Chad F. Wolf. “Today, DHS continues to take unprecedented actions to address all forms of violent extremism. This new framework draws upon the Department’s intelligence, prevention, and preparedness capabilities and lays out discrete actions DHS will undertake to further safeguard our communities, schools, places of worship, cyberspace, and public gatherings.”